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Sultan-ul-Quam Nawab Jassa Singh Ahluwalia

Sultan ul Quam Nawab Jassa Singh Ahluwalia (1718-1783) was a prominent Sikh leader during the period of the Sikh Confederacy. He was also Misldar of the Ahluwalia Misl. He founded the Kapurthala State in 1772.

Early Life :

He was born with the blessings of Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji. He was born at village Ahlu near Lahore. His father S. Bidar Singh died when he was five years old. He was brought up by Mata Sunder Kaur Ji in Delhi till he was 11 years old. He performed the Sewa of Kirtan firstly under Mata Sundri ji and then under Nawab Kapoor Singh. He had the skill of performing Kirtan of the same hymn under various ‘Ragas’. He commanded the Sikhs during First and the Second ‘Ghallugharah’.

History :

In 1739, Nadir shah the ruler of Iran attacked India. He defeated the Mughals in the Battle of Karnal in 1739. He plundered huge wealth and robbed peacock throne, Kohinoor diamond and Darya i noor diamond and massacred 20,000 Indians in Delhi city and was taking Indian women as slave to his country. Jassa Singh Ahluwalia was 21 years old at that time, he planned raids to free all slaves. He along with other Sikh bands attacked Nadir shah forces, freed all slaves and send those slaves back to their families safely. He participated in many battles as well where he proved himself to be a natural leader. In a 1748 meeting of the Sarbat Khalsa Nawab Kapur Singh appointed him as his successor. His followers awarded him the title Sultan-ul-Qaum. (King of the Nation). He spent almost 50 years in the battle field to free India, especially Punjab from the clutches of Mughal Emperors. When Shri Harmandir Sahib was demolished by Mughal rulers in 1765, he was selected to lay down the stone of Shri Harmandir Sahib. He conquered Lahore, Sirhind and Delhi and issued the Khalsa-coin. He was honoured with various designations viz. “Nawab”, “Sultan-ul-Quam”, “Emperor”, “Great Kirtaniya” and “Guru Ka Lal”.